Addiction Information

Information relevant to addiction and its treatment
sixpenceee:

And here they are:
Thermoception:  Ability to sense heat and cold. Thermoceptors in the brain are used for monitoring internal body temperature.
Proprioception: The sense of where your body parts are located relevant to each other. 
Chronoception: Sense of the passing of time. Your body has an internal clock. 
Equilibrioception:  The sense that allows you to keep your balance and sense body movement in terms of acceleration and directional changes. 
Magentoception:  This is the ability to detect magnetic fields. Unlike most birds, humans do not have a strong magentoception, however, experiments have demonstrated that we do tend to have some sense of magnetic fields. 
Tension Sensors:  These are found in such places as your muscles and allow the brain the ability to monitor muscle tension.
Nociception:  In a word, pain.  This was once thought to simply be the result of overloading other senses, such as “touch”, but it has it’s own unique sensory system.  There are three distinct types of pain receptors: cutaneous (skin), somatic (bones and joints), and visceral (body organs).
SOURCE

sixpenceee:

And here they are:

Thermoception:  Ability to sense heat and cold. Thermoceptors in the brain are used for monitoring internal body temperature.

Proprioception: The sense of where your body parts are located relevant to each other. 

Chronoception: Sense of the passing of time. Your body has an internal clock. 

Equilibrioception:  The sense that allows you to keep your balance and sense body movement in terms of acceleration and directional changes. 

Magentoception:  This is the ability to detect magnetic fields. Unlike most birds, humans do not have a strong magentoception, however, experiments have demonstrated that we do tend to have some sense of magnetic fields. 

Tension Sensors:  These are found in such places as your muscles and allow the brain the ability to monitor muscle tension.

Nociception:  In a word, pain.  This was once thought to simply be the result of overloading other senses, such as “touch”, but it has it’s own unique sensory system.  There are three distinct types of pain receptors: cutaneous (skin), somatic (bones and joints), and visceral (body organs).

SOURCE

(via theriggybee)

The Brain In Addiction

The Brain In Addiction

PET brain scans show chemical differences in t...

PET brain scans show chemical differences in the brain between addicts and non-addicts. The normal images in the bottom row come from non-addicts; the abnormal images in the top row come from patients with addiction disorders. These PET brain scans show that that addicts have fewer than average dopamine receptors in their brains, so that weaker dopamine signals are sent between cells. (Photo…

View On WordPress

Alcohol’s Burden

The effect of alcohol consumption on physical and mental health comes at an economic cost that includes lost productivity, health care costs, and costs related to property damage and alcohol-related crime.

The latest analysis, from 2006, estimates that excessive drinking in the United States costs $223.5 billion ($746 per person):

72.2 percent from lost productivity,

11.0 percent from health…

View On WordPress

Alcoholic Blackouts

 

last drink

last drink (Photo credit: martin.mutch)

What does it mean when someone says they were “blackout drunk?” How does a blackout differ from “passing out” after drinking, and what are the possible dangerous effects of drinking enough to blackout?

Blackouts are periods of amnesia during which a person actively engages in behaviors like walking and talking but does not create memories for these…

View On WordPress

Opioid Prescriptions By State

Opioid Prescriptions By State

Prescribing rates per 100 persons (in quartiles), by state and drug type — IMS Health, United States, 2012

  • Opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepine sedatives are commonly prescribed in the United States. They are frequently prescribed to the same patient.
  • Overprescribing of opioid pain relievers can result in multiple adverse health outcomes, including fatal overdoses.
  • Wide variation exists from…

View On WordPress

Adolescent alcohol abuse disrupts transitions into early adulthood

Adolescent alcohol abuse disrupts transitions into early adulthood

English: Total recorded alcohol per capita con...

English: Total recorded alcohol per capita consumption (15+), in litres of pure alcohol (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Prior research has shown strong associations between adolescent alcohol abuse and adverse outcomes in early adulthood. A first-of-its-kind study of linkages between adolescent alcohol abuse and adverse adult outcomes has examined the influence of differences in familial background…

View On WordPress

Millions of young adults use illicit substances every day

Millions of young adults use illicit substances every day

When overall harm to society and the drug user...

When overall harm to society and the drug user are considered together, alcohol is by far the most damaging (despite being legal more often than the other drugs) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

According to SAMHSA’s data, on an average day, 3.2 million young adults used marijuana, 57,304 used heroin, 51,319 used cocaine, 46,179 used hallucinogens, and 17,868 used inhalants.  Drinking was also…

View On WordPress

Texts from the ER can reduce binge drinking

Texts from the ER can reduce binge drinking

Texting Oasis

Texting Oasis (Photo credit: John Fraissinet)

Young adults who screened positive for a history of hazardous or binge drinking reduced their binge drinking by more than 50 percent after receiving mobile phone text messages following a visit to the emergency department, according to a study published online yesterday in Annals of Emergency Medicine.

“Each day in the U.S., more than 50,000 adults…

View On WordPress

Two Simple Questions To Help Docs Identify Potential Alcoholics

Two Simple Questions To Help Docs Identify Potential Alcoholics

A patient having his blood pressure taken by a...

(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alcohol problems are often undetected in primary care but by asking two simple questions such as the two listed below, GPs could quickly uncover which patients have drinking problems — including patients who would otherwise remain undetected — according to new research by University of Leicester experts.

1.How often do you have six or more drinks on one occasion?
2.As a…

View On WordPress

Predicting who will binge-drink at age 16

Predicting who will binge-drink at age 16

via mkramer123987

via mkramer123987

Scientists leading the largest longitudinal adolescent brain imaging study to date have learned that predicting teenage binge-drinking is possible. In fact, say the researchers in the group’s latest publication, a number of factors — genetics, brain function and about 40 different variables — can help scientists predict with about 70 percent accuracy which teens will become…

View On WordPress